This post is the third in a series which analyses hard statistics relating primarily to Assault and Robbery. This series is attempting to highlight some fundamental issues relating to the two very separate threats of Assault and Robbery by comparing statistics from around the world.
The first post in the series looked at statistics from Australia and was titled What is the Most Likely Attack on the Street? The second in the series used statistics from the US and was titled US Assault and Robbery Stats Analysis.
This third post uses statistics from the UK and in particular from the British Crime Survey (BCS) and from Police Reported Crime. The statistics coming out of the UK make it more difficult to record specific results as they relate to Assault and Robbery due to the way statistics are recorded there.
Generally there is a lot of statistics associated with 'Violent Crime', 'Acquaintance Violence' and 'Stranger Violence' but it is sometimes quite limiting on what can be harnessed for the purposes here of wanting specific information regarding Assault and Robbery as specified in the post Alpha Male v Predatory behaviour.
The problem lies in the very general nature of the labels they have associated to various incidents at times. It HAS been an achievable task, although it was more challenging than those statistics from Australia and the US. Regardless, we will press on...
Number of Offences 2007/2008
Once again, it is clear that one is far more likely to become a victim of Assault than Robbery.
Most Victims by Age Group
- Assault 16-24yrs
- Robbery 16-24yrs
The 16-24yrs age group is equally at the highest risk of both Assault and Robbery. This age group is at the highest risk by far.
Other significant factors that contribute to the likelihood of becoming a victim of both Assault and Robbery include being unemployed, male and single.
For both assault and Robbery, you are more likely going to be attacked by just ONE person. However, for more than one attacker...
- Assault You are more likely to face Four or More Attackers than just two or three! In fact, you are more than twice as likely to face four or more attackers than just two, and three times as likely to face four or more attackers than three!
- Robbery It is very close between being attacked by four or more attackers and two attackers. Three attackers is less likely than two or four attackers.
Type of Injury Sustained
- Assault Most likely injury is minor bruising/black eye by far.
- Robbery Most likely injury is also minor injury/black eye closely followed by cuts then severe bruising and scratches.
These results again highlight the nature of Assaults and Robberies. Assault is more about fighting where as Robbery is more impersonal and can be quite more violent.
Use of Weapons
For both Assault and Robbery an attacker will most likely not use a weapon. Roughly 25% of each type of attacks have weapons involved.
However, of those attacks that DO use weapons...
- Assault A hitting implement is the most likely weapon used (5-11%), followed by a knife and glass/bottle
- Robbery By far, the most likely weapon used in a Robbery was the knife (15%), followed by a hitting implement (5%).
Again, these statistics indicate that Robbery is the more violent and serious type of attack.
Note: Only 1% of incidents involved the use of a firearm.The total number of firearm offences for 2007/2008 was 9,803.
Offender believed to be under influence of Alcohol/Drugs Assault
- Under influence of Alcohol? Roughly half of all offenders were believed to be under the influence of Alcohol.
- Under influence of Drugs? Roughly twice as many offenders were believed to NOT be under the influence of drugs than those who were.
- Under influence of Alcohol or Drugs? Roughly three times the offenders were believed to NOT be under the influence of Alcohol or Drugs than those who were.
These opinions were those of the victim. For Assault, Alcohol is a factor in at least half of all incidents. No real surprise there. If anything, I would have thought more.
It is far more likely that someone engaged in Robbery will not be under the influence of either alcohol OR drugs.
These figures tend to disprove the trend these days in assuming that an attacker will be high on drugs and therefore, be quite resistant to pain and damage. We can take some comfort in these figures.
However I would like to add, that of those that ARE under the influence of drugs (about 25-30%), the situation could be quite challenging. Especially when we combine these figures with the multiple attack statistics...
This is the final collection of statistics collected on Assault and Robbery. It has been an interesting process for me personally as I have learnt a lot. Some ideas and thoughts I have had prior to conducting the research for these posts has been confirmed and others have been proven incorrect.
As regular readers and subscribers will have seen, there are some common underlying themes present across both Assault and Robbery that are seen from the statistics from Australia, the US and now, the UK.
I will explore these common themes and present a summary of my findings as they relate to Assault and Robbery sometime in the near future.
I hope you have been enjoying them.